Leaves of Corchorus capsularis contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin which seems to be related to corchorin and steroids. [9] The leaves of Corchorus have been a staple Egyptian food since the time of the Pharaohs and it is from there that it gains its recognition and popularity. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Varieties of mallow-leaves stew with rice is a well known Middle Eastern cuisine. The root bark is used in rheumatism. ), belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton, and a multipurpose economic crop. The putative family name "Oceanopapaveraceae" has occasionally appeared in print and on the web but is a nomen nudum and has never been validly published nor recognised by any system of plant taxonomy. Rhizanota cannabina Lour. The stew is usually eaten with rice or foofoo (a traditional food made from cassava).[10][11]. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. 2. Usually it is lightly sauteed and eaten along with rice or rice gruel. Accessed: 28-Oct-07. Among more than 50 Corchorus species [2], only two (C. capsularis L. and C. olitorius L.) are grown com-mercially in subtropical and tropical regions [3]. Help. Corchorus capsularis is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 3.5 m (11ft 6in) at a fast rate. Jute leaves are also consumed among the Luhya people of Western Kenya, where it is commonly known as mrenda or murere. It is derived from the Ancient Greek word κόρχορος or κόρκορος (korkhoros or korkoros) which referred to a wild plant of uncertain identity, possibly jute or wild asparagus. These two species of Corchorus are known as ewedu in Yoruba and they belong in the family Malvaceae.. Corchorus olitorius is a herbaceous plant with few branches. The leaves and young fruits are used as a vegetable, the dried leaves are used for tea and as a soup thickener, and the seeds are edible. Stirp. This article is about the plants. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 529 1753 . Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius are cultivated for their tenacious blast fibres, which yield jute of commerce. The leaves of Corchorus are rich in betacarotene, iron, calcium, and vitamin C. The plant has an antioxidant activity with a significant α-tocopherol equivalent vitamin E.[citation needed]. The leaves and young shoots are eaten as a vegetable in Europe and as a potherb in West Africa. [4][5], The fibers from Corchorus (known as jute)[7] are the most widely cultivated vegetable fiber after cotton. In the Philippines, C. olitorius is known as saluyot. 2000). It contains around 40 to 100 species. Allerton 366 (1796), nom. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. ex Gomes Homonyms Corchorus capsularis L. Common names Juta in Portuguese In Ghana, it is mostly eaten by the people in the North and it is called ayoyo. Rhizanota cannabina Lour. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Corchorus. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). Systematic – From a systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Dilleniidae Subclass, Malvales Order, Malvaceae Family and therefore to the Genus Corchorus and to the Species C. olitorius. Jute (Corchorus spp.) The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis. [12] In Northern Sudan it is called khudra, meaning "green" in Sudanese Arabic. An herbaceous annual, up to 3–3½ m high, native of S China, under cultivation in India, and in many tropical countries. China 24: 152. It is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya. Gene expression is spatiotemporal and is influenced by many factors. In Nigerian cuisine, especially amongst the Yorubas, it is commonly used in a stew known as ewedu, a condiment to other starch-based foods such as amala or added with gbegiri a local nigeria soup. Corchorus is a genus of about 40–100 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world.[1]. Family as entered in IPNI Tiliaceae Original Data Remarks Cosmop. Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius are the source of the important fiber jute. Corchorus capsularis L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae ). Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. It has been introduced to West Africa (1–4).The plant is the more important of the two commercially cultivated Corchorus species in Ind The flowers, leaves and fruits of Triumfetta bartramia are used in gonorrhoea. Corchorus marua Buch.-Ham. Family: Tiliaceae – Linden family Genus: Corchorus L. – corchorus Species: Corchorus capsularis L. – jute The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). B. altissima) are vegetable bast fibre plants next to cotton in importance.In the trade there are usually two names of jute, White and Tossa. An infusion is used in the treatment of dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia and liver disorders. Corchorus capsularis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Corchorus capsularis is a annual or perennial shrub that grows in bushes to 2-4 m in height. The genus has been classified in a number of different families including Capparaceae, Cistaceae, Papaveraceae, and Tiliaceae. Medicinal: The fruits of Grewia asiatica are astringent, cooling and digestive. trop Links Replaced synonym of Corchorus cordifolius Salisb., Prodr. ), belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton [1]. Corchorus a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Introduction. Corrections? It is mostly eaten with Tuo Zaafi (food prepared with cornflour). Molokhia or Jute Malva (Corchorus olitorius L.) is a shrubby species belonging to the Malvaceae family. It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius , the main source of jute. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. They use it to cook a sauce called (Miyan Ayoyo) which is commonly served with Tuwon Masara or Tuwon Allebo. In Thai cuisine, the leaves of the Corchorus olitorius (locally known as bai po; Thai: ใบปอ) are eaten blanched, together with plain rice congee. Together with C. capsularis it is the primary source of jute fiber. It has a mucilaginous (somewhat "slimy") texture, similar to okra, when cooked. The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. The seeds, however, are poisonous. The name was established by Guillaumin in 1932 for the single species Oceanopapaver neocaledonicum Guillaumin from New Caledonia. A decoction of the roots and unripe fruits is used in the treatment of dysentery. Corchorus capsularis (5001305158).jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 1.22 MB Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. A. Whitlock, K. G. Karol, and W. S. Alverson. The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis . There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Jute (Corchorus spp. noun. [2], The genus Oceanopapaver, previously of uncertain placement, has recently been synonymized under Corchorus. Sequence archive. 2003. Updates? Chap. A new triterpine glycosides (capsin) and capsugenin 30-O-glucopyranoside were isolated from the leaves of Corchorus capsularis (27, 36-39). Corchorus olitorius. Pl. For the fiber derived from these plants, see. In North Africa and the Middle East, the young leaves of Corchorus species are known in Arabic as malukhiyah and are used as green leafy vegetables . Last edited on 16 November 2020, at 12:05, Chloroplast DNA Sequences Confirm the Placement of the Enigmatic, "Cultivating research in a war-ravaged city", "Saluyot now a popular vegetable worldwide", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corchorus&oldid=988989373, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 12:05. Jute mallow or nalta jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. Jute (Corchorus spp. Corchorus species Corchorus capsularis Name Synonyms Corchorus cordifolius Salisb. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. In India, it is locally known as nalta sag. this fibre, used in making sacks, rope, etc. Jute fi-bers have advantages such as good moisture absorption, The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. Protein knowledgebase. It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. Corchorus capsularis is called White Jute and Corchorus olitorius is called Tossa Jute. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. Omissions? The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. It is used in making gunny bags. [3], The genus Corchorus was first described by Linnaeus in his great work Species Plantarum (1753). Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse strong threads. Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. Corchorus polygonatum H. Léveillé is a synonym of Tricyrtis pilosa Wallich in the Liliaceae (see Fl. It contains around 40 to 100 species. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. In Northern Nigeria it is known as Ayoyo. UniParc. The plants are tall, usually annual herbs, reaching a height of 2–4 m, unbranched or with only a few side branches. Family Sparrmanniaceae Scientific name Corchorus capsularis L. WildNet taxon ID 35925 Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Least concern Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Native Pest status Nil Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of … [7], In Sierra Leone it is known as krain krain (or crain crain) and is cooked as stew. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). The Songhai people of Mali call it fakohoy. Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Different common names are used in different contexts, with jute applying to the fiber produced from the plant, and jute mallow leaves for the leaves used as a vegetable. Corchorus capsularis L. is one of the only two commercially cultivated species of jute. Corchorus olitorius Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: … 1. UniProtKB. Vernacular names [ edit ] It is commonly consumed as a leafy vegetable together with bamboo shoots.[13]. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, [2] is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae.It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius, the main source of jute.The leaves are used as a foodstuff and the leaves, unripe fruit and the roots are used in traditional medicine. It is a favorite food during the summer months, especially in Sambalpur and the western part of Odisha. It is featured in cuisines from Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Jordan and Tunisia. Unreviewed-Annotation score: ... Family and domain databases. [8], Corchorus leaves are consumed in the cuisines of various countries. Same citation as Corchorus capsularis L., Species Plantarum (1753). It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. either of two Old World tropical yellow-flowered herbaceous plants, Corchorus capsularis or C. olitorius, cultivated for their strong fibre: family Tiliaceae. The taste resembles that of spinach and samphire. Several species have been grown as a fiber crop. In Turkey and Cyprus, the plant is known as molohiya or molocha and is usually cooked into a kind of chicken stew. Malukhiyah is eaten widely in Egypt and some consider it the Egyptian national dish. Botanical Aspect :-Jute (Corchorus capsularis & Corchorus olitorius), Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) and Roselle (H. sabdariffa var. β … Media in category "Corchorus capsularis" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. Latin name: Corchorus capsularis Family: Tiliaceae (Linden Family) Medicinal use of Jute: The leaves are appetizer, carminative, demulcent, laxative, stimulant and stomachic. illeg. It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae, and more recently with Malvaceae.The Corchorus capsularis "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make yarn burlap, hessian or gunny cloth, bag etc. The leaves are alternate, simple, lanceolate, 5–15 cm long, with an acuminate tip and a finely serrated or lobed margin. The seeds are used as a flavouring, and a herbal tea is made from the dried leaves. Corchorus capsularis (Jute) Status. x; UniProtKB. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. Leaves and seeds are edible and high in protein. Family: Malvaceae – mallows, mauves : Genus: Corchorus L. Species: Corchorus capsularis L. – jute is a bast (phloem) fiber plant in the Malvaceae family (previously, the Tiliaceae), which is second in importance to cotton for natural fiber production.Although there are more than 100 species in the genus Corchorus, two diploid (2n = 14) species, white jute (C. capsularis) and dark jute (C. olitorius), are cultivated as crops. Mucilaginous ( somewhat `` slimy '' ) texture, similar to okra, when cooked the flowers are (... Called khudra, meaning `` green '' in Sudanese Arabic the accepted name this name is the source... At a fast rate Amazon region of Brazil eaten as a vegetable in Europe as... Britannica Membership, this article ( requires login ). [ 13 ] fruits is used making... 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