For the next hundred years, several Tang leaders ruled, including a woman. [26] A year later, she sent a fleet to Sicily against Elpidios. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. What does irene of athens mean? [23] In order to secure her position, Irene negotiated a marriage between her son and Charlemagne’s daughter. The wife or widow of an emperor or equated ruler. [70] Her financial policy was successful. Irene of Athens An East Roman (Byzantine) empress, Irene of Athens (752-803) convened the Seventh Ecumenical Council and restored the veneration of icons in the Byzantine Empire. [14] In 780, he made Paul of Cyprus, who was suspected of being an iconophile, to swear an oath to uphold iconoclasm. The empress Theodora (842-857) hung, crucified, beheaded or drowned some Ioo,000 of them, and drove yet more over the frontier, where from Argaeum, Amara, Tephrike and other strongholds their generals Karbeas and Chrysocheir harried the empire, until 873, when … Niketas the Paphlagonian, who served at the court of Empress Irene in the eighth century, was one of the first in a long line of young men from the area who were castrated by their own families. In 706 the wife of Emperor Zhongzong of Tang, Just as Emperor Zhongzong was dominated by. See more. She founded a province called Macedonia.[35]. To make Elpidios submit, Irene had his wife and sons, whom Elpidios left in Constantinople, scourged, tortured, and imprisoned. 1105 CE Gold cloisonné inlaid with precious stones 7" x 4(1/2)" Term. Except where noted, content and user contributions on this site are licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 with attribution required. [38] The Council ended with Tarasius in favour of icon veneration[39]. The female monarch (ruler) of an empire. [32], The next year, Irene sent Staurakios, her favourite courtier, against the Slavs in Northern Greece, where he made the Slavs pay tribute to the empire. Synonym Discussion of impress. Learn how your comment data is processed. Prior to becoming Empress regnant, Irene was empress consort from 775 to 780, and empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797. With the success of the Bulgar front and the matrimonial alliance with Charlemagne, Irene turned her attentions on religious issues. [67], Thus, Empress Irene’s reign had been largely unsuccessful[68]. She was an orphan, and there is some mystery around why she was chosen from obscurity to be the bride of Leo IV, heir to Constantinople. Your email address will not be published. [24] In February 781, Elpidios, the Strategos (Governor) of Sicily, planned to depose her and make Nikephoros regent for Constantine VI. irene (Noun) The hydrocarbon formed by dehydration of irone. Meaning of irene of athens. She was also known to have initiated the Second Council of Nicea. [61] Thus, the Pope considered the throne vacant[62]. Empress Irene (image from “Pala d’Oro”, Venice) Not much is known about Irene’s early life. However, Elpidios fled to Africa, where the Arabs received him as the Roman Emperor. This made Leo’s younger brother, Nikephoros, mad. She styled herself as “Irene, the Pious Emperor” instead of Empress. [46] She confined her son and demanded an oath of fealty from Constantine VI’s army to acknowledge her as ruler. Charlemagne knew that Irene’s days would end and there would be another Byzantine ruler to take her place. [54] Many people believed this marriage to be adulterous. Byzantine Empresses: Women and Power in Byzantium AD 527-1204, Taylor. [33]In May, she and Constantine VI visited the Greek province of Thrace. Byzantine Empresses: Women and Power in Byzantium AD 527-1204, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). Impress definition, to affect deeply or strongly in mind or feelings; influence in opinion: He impressed us as a sincere young man. quotations ▼ (tarot) The third trump or major arcana card of … [41] Irene found another bride for him. On Christmas Day in 800, during a visit to Rome, the Pope placed an imperial crown on Charlemagne’s head and gave him the title of “Holy Roman Emperor”. His eyes were gouged out, and according to most contemporary accounts, he died from his wounds a few days later, leaving Irene to be crowned as first Empress regnant of Constantinople. August 26, 2017 impress meaning: 1. to cause someone to admire or respect you: 2. to cause someone to admire or respect you: 3. to…. 7, Gale, Victoria Kaʻiulani – The last Crown Princess of Hawaii. 0. Empress Irene of Athens was the first female ruler of the Byzantine Empire. A After her death, she became a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church. We use cookies to ensure a personalised experience on our website. However, he was captured and brought back to the palace[57]. Irene was also known for her generous financial policies, which were especially friendly to monasteries. MILLER, D. A. Find patient medical information for Enpresse Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. It is often claimed she called herself " … (verb) To prevent this, Irene had to negotiate an immense annual tribute of 70,000 or 90,000 dinars to the Abbasids for a three-year truce. [40] However, his mother had no plans to relinquish her power to him. [20] Nikephoros and his brothers were forced to be ordained into the priesthood and to administer communion on Christmas Day. [12] He made his people swear to accept no one on the throne except for Constantine VI and his descendants. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Subscribe to our weekly newsletter and join our 5,128 subscribers to stay up to date on History of Royal Women's articles! Occupation: empress consort, regent and co-ruler with her son, ruler in her own right Dates: lived about 752 – August 9, 803, ruled as co-regent 780 – 797, ruled in her own right 797 – October 31, 802 Also known as Empress Irene, Eirene (Greek) By the time of her abdication, she had a large amount of money which she handed over to Nikephoros. [44] He planned a revolt inside the palace. [28] The attack was a success, but Tatzates, the Strategos of the Bucellarii, took his men and defected from Irene’s army to the Arabs. How to use empress in a sentence. “Irene of Athens.” Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., vol. After Irene's rise to sole rule, Aetios developed an intense rivalry with her eunuch chief minister Staurakios. Lauralee [49], Constantine VI was not an effectual ruler. Saint Michael the Archangel (right leaf of the diptych) Early sixth century Ivory 1'5" x 5(1/2)" Term. The reason he chose her is unclear. Constantine VI conspired to take the throne himself. Her usurpation of the imperial throne created a theoretical justification for the coronation of Charlemagne. [8] In August 775, Constantine V died leaving Leo IV sole rule of the Byzantine Empire. On January 14, 771, Irene gave birth to a son named Constantine VI. Empress Irene was the wife of Leo IV and, on her husband's death, she reigned as regent for her son Constantine VI from 780 to 790 CE. Irene was born in Athens, presumably between 750 and 755 (the actual date is unknown, but she can hardly have been older than her husband, Leo IV, who was born in January 750)[] In 769 the iconoclast emperorConstantine V Copronymus(the 'dung-named') wanted a bride for his eldest son and heir Leo [34] She continued to the Bulgarian frontier and the resettlement of the territory that was reclaimed from the Slavs. [9] When Emperor Leo IV came to the throne, he and his wife’s views of religion began to clash. [58] Irene was now sole ruler of the Byzantine empire. [52] He shocked the public in 795 when he repudiated his Empress and placed her in a convent. Her men were victorious. She was also known to have initiated the Second Council of Nicea. Irene (ProperNoun) Eirene, the Greek goddess of peace, … Emperor Leo IV was an iconoclast, which viewed the veneration of icons as idolatry. [5] She was betrothed in the palace chapel, Our Lady of the Pharos, on November 3rd. [21], During Irene’s reign as regent for her son, she named herself co-ruler. Etymology: Irène, from Εἰρήνη eirēnē "peace", name of a goddess of peace, of early Christian saints, and of an 8th-century Byzantine empress. The Year of the Duchess of Windsor (2021), Burial places of the Queens and Consorts of England, Burial places of the Queens Consort of France, Burial places of the Queens and Consorts of Portugal, Burial Places of the Queens and Consorts of Spain, Carolina of Orange-Nassau – Ancestress of the Royal Houses of Europe, Queen Wilhelmina – A collection of articles. 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