can help!) Using a sharp-bladed knife or. It’s a good idea to create a little greenhouse environment for your cutting by covering the pot with a plastic bag and securing it with a rubber band, being sure to give the cutting some occasional fresh air. A mature African violet might have one pup, or it may have several. Using a sterile knife or scissors, remove a healthy leaf along with its stem from the base of the plant. Within 4-6 weeks, the mother leaf will start growing plantlets. Do you find yourself wanting more African violets? The best leaves for propagation are fully developed but not showing any signs of poor health or aging (brown spots, holes, curling edges). You can propagate this plant from a healthy leaf cutting. For miniature African violets, our 1.5 inch plastic pot works well. Removing the top half of the leaf can force the cutting to put more energy into sprouting roots, reducing grow time. If it is getting too much light, you may notice brown spots forming on the plant. Skip to the end of this guide for a start-to-finish checklist! If your African violet appears to be struggling, nurse it back to health before attempting to propagate. In time African violet leaf cuttings should produce a new plant, but using rooting hormone will speed things along considerably faster. Remove these and pot up independently. Never use cold water, always lukewarm or room-temperature water. Look for a leaf that is healthy and fresh, but has been established on the plant. If you’re wondering. I made a short video showing how it’s done and there is a step-by-step tutorial (below) as well. Add just enough water to the potting mix to dampen it. Share your tips and tricks in the comments below! To sprout these tiny seeds, it’s good to use a light soil mixture of peat, vermiculite and greensand. Remove the cutting entirely from the pot, dirt and all. If you’re wondering, “Can I propagate an African violet in water?”—the answer is YES! Slicing the stem, or petiole, diagonally increases the surface area available for roots to sprout. 4. A rosette type would have leaves growing outwards from a central stem and flowers blooming at the center. Stayin’ Alive! A bit of Epsom salt can help to lighten the soil even more. If the inside of your mini greenhouse appears dry, check the soil. Based on the growth habit, an African violet can either be rosette (single-crowned) type or trailing (multi-crowned) type. This should also be the temperature of your soil for optimal sprouting. There are several methods to choose from … African Violet Care – Keeping Them Healthy. 1. (Our. 3. You may want to dip the tip of the stem into some rooting hormone. Trim the stem down to about 1-1.5 inches (2.5-3.8 cm.). Removing suckers is a good way to propagate a new plant, but it also keeps the mother plant healthy, as suckers can rob the plant of nutrients and energy, thus reducing flowering and shortening the life of the plant. Then wait for the water to drain out from the bottom and return the violet to its home. How to Separate African Violet Suckers Place the pot in a sunny location, keeping the soil just moist. In a few more months (around 6-7 from the original propagation), your plant is ready to move to a traditional African violet pot and start producing beautiful blooms. They are put into four different size categories based on diameter. Propagating African Violets in Potting Mix, Small plastic or paper plant tag (for support), Once you select your leaf, pinch it off the parent plant. grow vibrant and strong. Potting. Sign up for new African Violet articles, free growing tips and much more! There are several methods of African violet propagation, from cuttings to division. Leave them in bright light for 2 to 4 weeks. If you’re a houseplant lover, chances are you’ve propagated plant babies in water. African Violet (Saintpaulia) plants are a popular species of houseplant, native to East Africa. Inspect your setup every few weeks. But hold your horses! Delicate, fuzzy-leafed African violets are exotic, agreeable plants with flowers that come in a wide range of pinks to purples. Your seeds should germinate in 8 to 14 days. African violets should be grown single-crowned. Fill a wide-mouthed container with lukewarm water. Choose leaves that are almost full size and remove from the plant with the stalk attached. Growing African violets from leaves or cuttings is a simple propagation method for new plants. The answer is propagation as it allows for the acquisition of your own African violet without going to the nearest store. Step 1: Remove and trim leaf. Interested in African violet propagation in water? The plastic will allow light to permeate and capture the moisture in the soil to create a mini-greenhouse effect. You can propagate African violets from seed, but it does require a couple of specific conditions. Leaf cuttings. It’s important that you have a warm space, so make sure your room temperature is between 65- and 75-degrees Fahrenheit (18-24 C.). Skip to the end of this guide for a start-to-finish checklist! Once you see three or four leaves growing from a single plant, you’re good to go. Be sure that you cut as close to the root as possible. Whether you’re a green or seasoned grower, African Violet Resource Center has everything you need to help your plant (and plant babies!) The first, inferior method is to water the plants from the top with room-temperature water, being careful to avoid wetting the leaves. Propagating African Violets from leaves. Shoot for moist, not damp. The ease with which African violet can be rooted and acclimatized facilitates its commercialization, making it a popular flowering pot plant (Teixeira da Silva et al., 2016). Cover with a clear plastic bag, or place in a plastic container (used pastry and cookie containers work great!). Your African Violet leaf should still be waiting patiently on the side at this point. grow vibrant and strong. A pup grows from the plant’s main stem – not from a leaf or from the crown. Choose 4-5 leaves from one African Violet plant if possible, otherwise 2 leaves are also fine to start with. Add this to a small plastic pot until it is 3/4 of the way full. If your African violet appears to be struggling, nurse it back to health before attempting to propagate. African violet propagation takes eight weeks, at a minimum. Place in bright, indirect sunlight. Poke a hole in the plastic wrap with a chopstick or skewer. It may sound intimidating to propagate an African Violet in the first place, but it is actually really simple – even beginning gardeners can do it. Place the plant near a bright window but away from direct sunlight or other heat sources. Each piece can be planted its own pot with suitable African violet potting soil mix to instantly multiply your collection of African violets. Removing them also encourages better blooms on the parent plant. Wait until the baby plant is about half-an-inch big and move to a small pot, following the directions in Step 5 above. Characteristics of a typical African violet are that it is a tropical, herbaceous perennial. Despite numerous studies on the micropropagation of African violet, these studies were confined to propagation on gelled media. I put a small amount of rooting powder into a small bowl to avoid contaminating all of my rooting powder with moisture. Using the division technique involves cutting the crown from the plant or separating the pups, or suckers, from a plant, making sure that each portion you’ve cut away has a piece of the main plant’s root system. Your cutting will propagate fine without this step, so consider it optional. (The mother leaf may have died by this point, that’s okay!) Adult plants occasionally produce small plantlets or shoots from the side. On the opposite side, a violet that is not getting enough light will produce thin, dark leaves and leggy stems. Avoid exposing the cutting to excessive heat or cool air. We recommend selecting a few more leaves than you’re hoping to multiply to boost your chances of success. The best container to use is a 2 inch pot. At this point, they simply aren’t strong enough to be separated from the mother leaf. Buy African Violet Plant Food on Amazon Now! (Cling wrap works excellent!). [1] X Research source Vermiculite and perlite help your soil retain moisture. Place the stem into a growing medium and water it well. Each of them will give you a brand new plant. Middle-row leaves are excellent candidates for propagation. Once you understand how simple it is to propagate African violets, it’s easy to become a bit obsessed with them. Propagation of African violets to gain more plants of the same variety is normally done by leaf propagation. We recommend waiting for a month or two (or even three!) You can reuse the old pot for one of your repotted plants, if you want. Now, stick the leaf (stem side down) into the mix, positioning the leaf directly in the center of the pot. Perhaps this is one of the more odd posts I have done on this site, or maybe experimenter I have done in an effort to propagate a chimera Africa violet. African Violet chimeras can only be propagated from bloom stalks or suckers or crown decapitation to produce suckers. Use plant tags or another small, firm item to prop the leaf upright. Prepare a small, well-draining plastic pot with African violet soil and a little propagation booster, and then plant as you would any other houseplant. Overly dry soil can give you a hard time creating “greenhouse-like” conditions in Step 4. If you’re a houseplant lover, chances are you’ve propagated plant babies in water. The plants often develop multiple crowns, which can be split apart and used to propagate new plants. Explore our other. Note: This post focuses on propagation in potting mix. Remove a fresh leaf from the plant that you wish to propagate. Slicing the stem, or petiole, diagonally increases the surface area available for roots to sprout. And there you have it! Common African Violet Problems & What Comes Next, Visit Our Online Shop for the Best African Violet Products, Your email address will not be published. Select and prepare an African violet leaf following Steps 1 and 2 above. Repot all plants every 6-12 months. Copyright © 2020 African Violet Resource Center, 5 Tips to Keep Your African Violet Alive for Years to Come, Everything You Need to Know About African Violet Leaves. African Violets Propagation Directions. This novice-friendly guide breaks down everything you need to know. Whether you’re a green or seasoned grower, African Violet Resource Center has everything you need to help your plant (and plant babies!) First and foremost, you can’t grow a healthy violet baby without a healthy violet mother. But. African violet propagation requires lightweight, well-aerated soil. Repot your cutting by burying the stem up to the base of the leaf. African Violet Propagation: Step-By-Step . Pro tip: Don’t let the cover or bag touch your cutting; trim the leaf or prop up the bag if necessary. Once your mother plant is thriving, follow these simple steps to grow infinite new plant pals. Overly wet soil can cause the leaf to rot. First and foremost, you can’t grow a healthy violet baby without a healthy violet mother. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Propagating African Violets from Seed. If it’s bone-dry, add a small amount of water to the potting mix and reseal. Explore our other articles, visit our online shop, and connect with other houseplant lovers in our Facebook group to learn everything you need to know about this rewarding hobby! The Best African Violet Watering Methods for a Happy Houseplant, Nip it in the Bud! , cut the stem at a 45-degree angle down to about 1½ inch. Remember that violets don’t particularly like to be placed in very large pots, they prefer snug quarters. At around 12 weeks, the plantlets that have emerged can be separated from the leaf cutting and moved to a small pot. This is great if your African violets have grown too large for their pots. This post focuses on propagation in potting mix. Without question, the African Violet is the worlds most popular houseplant. Roots will begin to form within a few weeks. Tiny plantlets will start to make their way to the surface within four weeks. Your cutting will propagate fine without this step, so consider it optional. Don’t let the cover or bag touch your cutting; trim the leaf or prop up the bag if necessary. Read more articles about African Violets. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! (Our Beginner’s Guide to African Violet Care can help!) Even inexperienced growers can quickly produce additional plants and expand their collection. First, get your supplies together. They always lend a soft touch of bright color and coziness to any room. “Can I propagate an African violet in water?”—the answer is YES! A positive reason for planting by seed would be that it is a relatively easy method of propagation. Houseplant Propagation Promoter & Rooting Hormone, Root Stimulator, Plant Starter Solution for Growing New Plants from Cuttings (Formulated for Fiddle Leaf Fig or Ficus Lyrata) ... Buy African Violet Plant Food on Amazon Now! Once you select your leaf, pinch it off the parent plant. African violets are easy to propagate from leaf cuttings. Droplets inside the bag/container indicate adequate humidity. In fact, everyone seems to know that African violet babies come from leaves. You have probably seen this done in water but you can also root them directly in potting mix. African violets are one of the many species of houseplants that easily propagate. And you’re in luck! Not sure where to begin? Now that we have our mix and our pot ready, lightly moisten the mix and fill the pot. Propagation. A healthy leaf will usually take about a month to develop roots. African violet propagation—. Propagation Of A Chimera African Violet With A Potato? 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