Constituents of the Atom. Stress and strain. Oct. 26. Normal strain - elongation or contraction of a line segment; Shear strain - change in angle between two line segments originally perpendicular; Normal strain and can be expressed as. Particles and antiparticles. [Eq.1.4] Figure 1.2. Chapter 8. Flat spring. Page 1 CE1259 – STRENGTH OF MATERIALS UNIT I STRESS, STRAIN DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS Rigid and Deformable bodies – Strength, stiffness and stability – Stresses: Tensile, compressive and shear – Deformation of simple and compound bars under axial load – Thermal stress – Elastic constants – Strain energy and unit strain energy – Strain energy in uniaxial loads. It is a measure of the degree of deformation. STRESS, STRAIN AND DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS . Leave Spring Spiral Spring. Define Poisson’s Ratio. For sufficiently small stresses, stress is directly proportional to strain; the constant of proportionality depends on the material being deformed and on the nature of the deformation. 5 Stress-strain-temperature relations 12 / 16 The preceding discussion of problems arising in the mechanics of solids shows that there is a need for a variety of stress-strain relations, depending on the problem at hand. 10.1 Behaviour of spring Torsion Spring. 1. Stress-strain curves are useful to understand the tensile strength of a given material. What is thermal Stress? 2. As with Young’s modulus, the shear modulus is defined as the ratio of stress to strain. The shear stress, x, is defined as (figure 1.2) A f S x= . Strain (Deformation) Strain is defined as "deformation of a solid due to stress". The given figure shows a stress-strain curve of a given metal. Hookes law For systems that obey Hooke's law, the extension produced is directly proportional to the load.. F= -kx ε = … If the expansion of a structural member is constrained, it will cause stresses to develop which are known as thermal Stress. The curve from O to A is linear. Deformation of solids. Conditions for the definition of one-dimensional shear stress (Eq. Compression Spring. The negative ratio of lateral strain to the longitudinal strain is known as Poisson’s ratio. Strain is the result of a stress. Strain describes the resulting deformation ; When the stress and strain are small enough, the two are directly proportional to each other Stress / Strain Elastic modulus (Hookes Law) There are three general types of stresses and strains tensile, bulk, and shear; 2 Tensile Stress and Strain. Six ideal model 1 Rigid material i) A rigid material is one which has no strain regardless of the applied stress. Deformation of solids 10.1 Hookes law 10.2 Stress, Strain 10.3 Elastic & plastic behaviour. In this region, the material obeys the Hooke’s Proportional limit law. 3. (Another mode of deformation—volume change, from which is derived the bulk modulus—is ignored here.) Extension Spring. Hooke’s law The amount by which an object is stretch is proportional to the amount of force applied, assuming the elastic limit has not been exceeded. Thread / Post : Tags: Title: STRESS STRAIN AND DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS STATES OF STRESS QUESTIONS Page Link: STRESS STRAIN AND DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS STATES OF STRESS QUESTIONS - Posted By: kavya127 Created at: Sunday 16th of April 2017 06:56:03 AM: applications of acoustic strain guages ppt, a516 70 stress relief, advantages and disadvantages of stress ribbon … Deformation of solids 2. Ch. ... Water hose problem. Some of the materials like aluminum (ductile), does not have clear yield point likes structural steel.Therefore, stress value called the offset yield stress, YL is used in line of a yield point stress. 1.4). Stress-Strain Curve. 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